Architecture and Planning Exam Papers with Solutions

DDA - 2019 | Assistant Director (Arch.)

Assistant Director (Arch.) Solved Paper

Discipline Section

(Q1 – Q80)

Q.1 The deep body temperature must remain balanced and constant around:

  1. 25° C
  2. 30° C
  3. 37°C
  4. 45° c

Ans: 3. 37°C

Explanation: Normal body temperature is considered to be 37°C (98.6°F)

 

Q.2 The steel piles that are used especially for trestle type of structures, where the piles extend above ground level and work also as columns, are:

  1. H-Beam piles  
  2. Box piles
  3. Larssen box piles
  4. Tube piles

Ans: 1 H-Beam piles 

Explanation: H-Beam piles are used especially for trestle type of structures, where the piles extend above ground level and work also as columns.

Q.3 Which architect stated that ‘architecture is a matter of transformation”?

  1. 1 B.V. Doshi
  2. 2 Le Corbusier
  3. Achyut Kanvinde
  4. Louis I kahn

Ans: 1 B.V. Doshi

Explanation: Doshi has spoken the language of architecture. He says “Architecture is a matter of transforming ephemeral situations and conditions. It is not about decisions on paper, in the program, in materials or climatic comfort, but about the behaviour and attitudes of people and how this is all sewn together. Architecture serves to open doors—not one, but many.”

Q.4 Which type of lighting design is used where clearly defined lighting levels are required to complete the detailed work?

  1. Task lighting
  2. Egress lighting
  3. Ambient lighting
  4. Accent lighting

Ans: 1 Task lighting

Explanation: Task lighting refers to increasing illuminance to better accomplish a specific activity. Instances of task lighting are in machinery, where a specific work area needs illumination, and in workshops, where a task light may illuminate the actual working area. Special instances of task lighting are examination and operation lights for medicine and surgery, as well as the dentist’s lamp. Task lamps are also used for many home tasks such as sewing, reading, small repairs, model construction, crafts, writing, and many other activities.

Q.5 What is the name of a naturalistic form that mimics the natural course of rivers or streams?

  1. Fragmented edges
  2. Organic edges  
  3. Circular forms
  4. Meandering lines

Ans: 4. Meandering lines

Explanation: Meandering lines are artificial lines drawn by surveyors for mapping and surveying a body of water. The lines are drawn around the lake or pond for the purpose of measuring property that abuts the water which means that they are usually irregular and dynamic in nature so as to account for the outline of a body of water.

0.6 What factor of light determines the colour a person perceives?

  1. Electromagnetic radiation
  2. Energy radiated from the light source
  3. Wavelength
  4. Distance between the person and light

Ans: 3. Wavelength

Explanation: The characteristic colors are, from long to short wavelengths (and, correspondingly, from low to high frequency), red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet. Sufficient differences in wavelength cause a difference in the perceived hue; the just-noticeable difference in wavelength varies from about 1 nm in the blue-green and yellow wavelengths, to 10 nm and more in the longer red and shorter blue wavelengths. Although the human eye can distinguish up to a few hundred hues, when those pure spectral colors are mixed together or diluted with white light, the number of distinguishable chromaticities can be quite high.

Q.7 Which of the following materials is more comfortable with touch and exhibits a less permanent quality?

  1. 1 Mortar
  2. Concrete
  3. Brick
  4. Wood

Ans: 4. Wood

Explanation: Wood materials is more comfortable with touch and exhibits a less permanent quality

Q.8 How many minimum views/view are is required to draw a perspective of an object that is not symmetrical?

  1. 1 Three
  2. 2 One
  1. Two
  2. Four

Ans: 1 Three

Explanation: With Three point perspective , we can draw a perspective of an object that is not symmetrical.

Q.9 In which of the below methods of connecting the members of steel work can the work be carried out easily?

  1. Welding
  2. Bolts
  3. Rivets
  4. Nuts

Ans: 1. Welding

Explanation: Welding can be used to connecting the members of steel work

Q.10. The intensity of a light source is measured in:

  1. Lux (lx)
  2. Lumens (lm)
  3. Candela (cd)
  4. Apostilb (asb)

Ans: 3. Candela (cd) 

Explanation: The intensity of a light source is measured in Candela

The lumen (symbol: lm) is the SI derived unit of luminous flux, a measure of the total quantity of visible light emitted by a source per unit of time. Lumens are related to lux in that one lux is one lumen per square meter.

The lux is the SI derived unit of illuminance, measuring luminous flux per unit area. It is equal to one lumen per square metre.

Q.11 Young’s Modulus is defined as the ratio of:

  1. strain to the corresponding stress for tensile or compressive stress
  2. stress to the corresponding strain for tensile or compressive stress  
  3. tensile stress to the compressive strain
  4. tensile strain to the compressive stress

Ans: 2 stress to the corresponding strain for tensile or compressive stress 

Explanation: Young’s modulus, or the Young modulus, is a mechanical property that measures the stiffness of a solid material. Young’s Modulus is defined as the ratio of stress to the corresponding strain for tensile or compressive stress 

Q.12 Renaissance is a revival of the classic:

  1. Greek and Gothic architecture
  2. Baroque and Rococo architecture
  3. Greek and Roman architecture
  4. Gothic and Roman architecture

Ans: 3. Greek and Roman architecture 

Explanation: Renaissance architecture adopted distinguishing features of classical Roman architecture.

Q.13 The Sun’s positions on the hemisphere can be specified by which two angles?

  1. Zenith and Sun’s path diagrams
  2. Solar altitude angle, solar azimuth angle
  3. Solar azimuth angle. Sun path diagrams
  4. Sun path diagrams, solar altitude angle

Ans: 2 Solar altitude angle, solar azimuth angle

Explanation: To determine the solar position in the sky vault, two angles need to be established:

a.The solar altitude angle (alt): at the point of observation, the angle measured between the horizon plane and the solar beam.

b.The solar azimuth angle (az): at the point of observation, the angle measured between the horizon plane between the north point and a point on the circle of the horizon intersected by the arc of a vertical plane passing through the zenith and the sun’s position at that time.

Q.14 Which of the following is not a characteristic of high voltage direct current systems?

  1. They measure current using root mean square voltage.
  2. They use a line-to-line voltage technology.
  3. The systems are expensive.
  4. Wire can be thick with no drawbacks

Ans: 1. They measure current using root mean square voltage.

Explanation: Characteristic of high voltage direct current systems are:

  • More power can be transmitted per conductor per circuit.
  • Use of Ground Return Possible
  • Expensive convertors
  • use a line-to-line voltage technology.
  • Reactive power requirement
  • Wire can be thick with no drawbacks
  • Generation of harmonics
  • Difficulty of circuit breaking
  • Difficulty of voltage transformation
  • Difficulty of high power generation

Q.15 Which of the following pairs in not correctly matched as per material and its use?

  1. Corrugated sheets: used for roof covering
  2. Ribbed tor steel bars: used as reinforcement in concrete structures
  3. T- sections: used for suitable floor beams, lintels etc.
  4. Expanded metal: used as lathing material and for partitions

Ans: 3. T- sections: used for suitable floor beams, lintels etc.

Explanation: A T-beam (or tee beam), used in construction, is a load-bearing structure of reinforced concrete, wood or metal, with a T-shaped cross section. The top of the T-shaped cross section serves as a flange or compression member in resisting compressive stresses

Q.16 Steel is provided in cement concrete to overcome which deficiency?

  1. Weak durability of cement concrete
  2. Weak compression of cement concrete
  3. Weak tension of cement concrete
  4. Lack of fire proof ability of cement concrete

Ans: 3. Weak tension of cement concrete 

Explanation: Concrete is a non-linear, non-elastic and brittle material. It is strong in compression and very weak in tension. Steel is equally strong in tension and compression.

Q.17 Which architectural works inspired Louis I Kahn to use extensive geometric shapes?

  1. Egyptian architectural works
  2. Roman architectural works
  3. Gothic architectural works
  4. Greek architectural works

Ans: 1. Egyptian architectural works

Explanation: Egyptian works also inspired Kahn to use extensive geometric shapes and hence we find many of his buildings taking shape of squares, circles or triangles. Kahn realised the importance of sunlight and was highly impressed by its usage in Egyptians: and Greek works.

Q.18 Identify the position of light source for the following figure as per its shade and shadow.

Ans:

Q.19 What are eggcrate devices?

  1. They are combination of horizontal and vertical shading devices
  2. The devices that are canopies or horizontal louvre blades
  3. They are louvre blades in a vertical position
  4. The devices where the projecting fins are in a vertical position

Ans: They are combination of horizontal and vertical shading devices

Explanation: A combination of vertical and horizontal shading elements commonly used in hot climate regions because of their high shading efficiencies. The horizontal elements control ground glare from reflected solar rays. The device works well on walls

Q.20 Le Corbusier, in his philosophy, had declared a house to be:

  1. an expression of values
  2. a machine for living
  3. an emotional piece of architecture
  4. a shelter that stimulates the person in space

Ans: 2 a machine for living

Explanation: In the 1920s, Corbusier published his own influential book, Toward an Architecture, in which he famously wrote “Une maison est une machine-à-habiter” (“A house is a machine for living in”). It reflected his functionalist vision for the future of domestic design.

Q.21 Select the incorrect statement from below.

  1. For civil engineering works, calcareous cement is usually used.
  2. Portland cement is of hydraulic type.
  3. Cement is adhesive as well as cohesive material.
  4. Portland cement is an example of natural cement.

Ans: 4. Portland cement is an example of natural cement.

Explanation: Portland cement is made from artificial mixtures of limestone, shale, gypsum and other additives. The mixture is heated to approximately 1400C, at which point components fuse to form a clinker. The clinker is then ground to a fine powder that sets when mixed with water.

Q.22 The amount of solar radiation and the intensity on the actual ground surface are influenced by

  1. Transparency of atmosphere
  2. Tress or existing buildings
  3. Atmospheric condition
  4. Slope and orientation

Ans: 4. Slope and orientation

Explanation: The amount and intensity of solar radiation reaching the Earth is affected by the tilt of the Earth’s axis and its orientation as it revolves around the Sun.

Q.23 The stringers used in steel staircase are which type of section?

  1. T section
  2. Angle section
  3. Channel section
  4. I section

Ans: 3. Channel section

Explanation: Stringers may be flat plate, open channels or hollow structural section (HSS) members; treads and platforms are usually constructed of grating or floor plate; and risers are usually open, though in some cases, filled pan-type treads and steel risers may be used.

Q.24 The maximum slenderness ratio of a column should not exceed:

  1. 60
  2.  55
  3. 50
  4. 65

Ans: 1.   60

Explanation: A column may be classified as short or long depending on its effective slenderness ratio. A short column has a maximum slenderness ratio of 12. Its design is based on the strength of columns and applied loads. A long column has a slenderness ratio greater than 12. However the maximum slenderness ratio of a column should not exceed 60. A long column is designed to resist the applied loads plus additional induced loads due to its tendency to buckle.

Q.25. For growing lilies, a minimum depth of_ is required.

  1. 12 inch
  2. 18 inch
  3. 9 inch
  4. 15 inch

Ans: 2. 18 inch

Explanation: Lilies demand well-drained soil. Lilies are planted to a depth of at least 18 inches, remove rocks and add organic matter, such as leaf mold or peat moss to improve both the soil’s structure and drainage.

Q.26. What does the concept of “genus loci” mean in the jargon of landscape design?

  1. The concept of fitting in the local context and having a sense of place.
  2. The concept of fitting in exotic features in landscape.
  3. The concept of choosing vernacular theme of design.
  4. The concept of trying to mimic already existing landscape design.

Ans:.  1. The concept of fitting in the local context and having a sense of place.

Explanation: Part of what makes landscapes unique is the “genius loci”, a Latin phrase we use in landscape design meaning “spirit of place.”The concept of “genus loci” in the jargon of landscape design mean the concept of fitting in the local context and having a sense of place.

Q.27 In double reinforced sections, the stress in compression steel must be ___ the strain in the compression steel.

  1. compatible to
  2. incompatible to
  3. lower than
  4. greater than

Ans: 1. compatible to

Explanation: In double reinforced sections, the stress in compression steel must be compatible to the strain in the compression steel

Q.28 The basis of the classification of tropical climates is given by which two atmospheric factors that influence human comfort?

  1. Area temperature and wind
  2. Air temperature and heat
  3. Humidity and heat
  4. Air temperature and humidity

Ans: 4. Air temperature and humidity

Explanation: The Basis of classification is given by 3 atmospheric factors which dominantly influence human comfort – air , temperature & humidity.

The Tropical regions of earth are divided into 3 major climatic zones & three sub groups

  • Warm Humid equatorial climate
  • Hot Dry Desert (or) semi desert climate
  • Composite or monsoon climate

29 What are the characteristics of trees that are desirable for street planting?

  1. Long-living, strong, not brittle, with good foliage
  2. Dwarf and tall varieties, diverse form and foliage
  3. Dropping branches, messy, untidy flowering
  4. Non-perennials, tall, low foliage

Ans: 1. Long-living, strong, not brittle, with good foliage

Explanation: Characteristics of trees that are desirable for street planting Long-living, strong, not brittle, with good foliage

Q.30 How pointed arch and horsehoe arch are different under Muslim architecture?

  1. The lower segment of arches is carried below the normal springing point.
  2. The higher segment of arches is carried below the normal springing point.
  3. The lower segment of arches is carried above the normal springing point.
  4. The higher segment of arches is carried above the normal springing point.

Ans:. 1.  The lower segment of arches is carried below the normal springing point.

Explanation: The pointed arch features a rounded design with a tapered apex. This type of arch would eventually become an important element of Gothic architecture.

The horseshoe arch (also known as a keyhole arch) is associated with Moorish architecture.

Q 31 Which of the following is NOT a principle of communication?

  1. Communicate a little at a time
  2. Know the purpose of communication, topic and audience
  3. Use single communication technique
  4. Anticipate objections

Ans: 3. Use single communication technique

Explanation: The principle of communication are:

  1. Principle of Clarity
  2. Principle of Attention
  3. Principle of Feedback
  4. Principle of Informality
  5. Principle of Consistency
  6. Principle of Timeliness
  7. Principle of Adequacy

Q32 Which of the following is not a building designed by Joseph Allein Stein?

  1. India International Centre (IIC), Delhi
  2. Indian Habitat Centre, New Delhi
  3. Indian Meteorological society, New Delhi
  4. Kashmir Conference Centre (KCC), Kashmir

Ans: 3. Indian Meteorological society, New Delhi

Explanation: Joseph Allein Stein major works:

  • India International Centre (IIC), Delhi
  • Indian Habitat Centre, New Delhi
  • Kashmir Conference Centre (KCC), Kashmir
  • American international school
  • Akshara theatre

Q.33. The arrangement and sizes of various members of steel truss does not depend on:

  1. Wind pressure
  2. Span
  3. Loading
  4. Fabrication

Ans: 4. Fabrication

Explanation: The arrangement and sizes of various members of steel truss does not depend on Fabrication.

Q.34 Which defect in steel is found when gas is confined to the molten mass of metal and solidifies the metal?

  1. Cavities or blow holes
  2. Segregation  
  3. Cold shortness
  4. Red shortness

Ans:  1. Cavities or blow holes

Explanation: Cavities or blow holes are developed in steel when gas is confined to the molten mass of metal and solidifies the metal

Q.35 The Is code uses a factor of safety equal to__ on the yield strength of steel in tension to obtain permissible tensile stress in reinforcement.

  1. 1.78
  2. 2.3
  3. 3.1
  4. 2.3

Ans: 1. 1.78

Explanation: The factors of safety used in working stress method are:

(i) For concrete

(a) in bending compression – 3.0

(b) in direct compression – 4.0

(ii) For steel – 1.78

Q.36 Which of the following buildings is NOT an example of Renaissance architecture?

  1. San Lorenzo. Florence
  2. Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome
  3. Palazzo Venezia, Rome
  4. Sant’Agostino. Rome

Ans: 2. Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome

Explanation: The original architecture of Santa Maria Maggiore was classical and traditionally Roman perhaps to convey the idea that Santa Maria Maggiore represented old imperial Rome as well as its Christian future.

Q37 Under which climatic conditions are the wind velocities typically low?

  1. Composite climate
  2. Warm-humid climate
  3. Tropical climate
  4. Hot-dry climate

Ans: 2. Warm-humid climate

Explanation: In Warm-humid climate wind velocities are typically low.

Q.38 Which shape of rolled steel sections is extensively used in the structural steel work, especially in the construction of steel roof trusses?

  1. I-sections
  2. Channel sections
  3. Angle sections
  4. T- sections

Ans: 3. Angle sections

Explanation: Angle sections is extensively used in the structural steel work, especially in the construction of steel roof trusses

Q.39 To reduce the energy lost during a lost distance transmission, electricity is transmitted:

  1. through sub stations
  2. at low voltage
  3. through step up transformer
  4. at high voltage

Ans: 4. at high voltage

Explanation: Power loss in transmission lines is proportional to the current flowing through it. The transmission lines are normally made of copper, aluminium or its alloys. The resistance of transmission lines itself contribute the most to the power loss. The power loss in the lines due to resistance is called copper loss or I2R loss. Lesser the current lesser will be the power loss. Hence during power transmission, the voltage is stepped up to reduce current. For transmitting the same amount of power to a distance, the power loss will be more while transmitted at a lower voltage.To reduce the energy lost during a lost distance transmission, electricity is transmitted at high voltage

Q.40 Which Is code is the code of practice for the design of reinforced concrete structures?

  1. IS: 1343-1980
  2. IS: 875-1987
  3. IS: 456-2000
  4. IS: 816-1969

Ans: 3. IS: 456-2000

Explanation: IS: 456-2000 is the code of practice for the design of reinforced concrete structures

Q.41. The concept the design of IIT Bangalore campus is derived from:

  1. The Mughal city of Fatehpur Sikri
  2. Plan of the city
  3. Ancient architecture
  4. Charles Correa’s Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya

Ans: 1. The Mughal city of Fatehpur Sikri 

Explanation: Balkrishna Doshi׳s Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (1977) derived its inspiration from the courtyards of Fatehpur Sikri (Curtis and Doshi, 1988) whereby laying different building programmes asymmetrically around a sequence of courtyards, squares and pedestrian streets. Rough-hewn blocks of local granite stone having greyish colour are used throughout the institute uniting the complex into a whole.

Q.42 The below options show a term and its definition. Identify the pair where the term and its definition is incorrectly matched

  1. Evaporation: Heat loss governed by the rate of evaporation
  2. Radiant heat loss. Depends on temperature of the body surface and the temperature of opposing surfaces
  3. Conduction: Temperature difference between the body and climate
  4. Convection: It occurs due to heat transmission from the body to the air in contact with the skin

Ans: 3. Conduction: Temperature difference between the body and climate

Explanation: Evaporation is the process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas or vapor. Evaporation is the primary pathway that water moves from the liquid state back into the water cycle as atmospheric water vapor.

Convection is the transfer of heat due to the bulk movement of molecules within fluids (gases and liquids), including molten rock.

Radiant heat loss is dependent on temperature of the body surface and the temperature of opposing surfaces

Q.43. The position of picture plane relative to the object determines:

  1. the position of the vanishing point
  2. the size of the perspective view
  3. the height of the perpendicular axis
  4. the paths of x-axis and z-axis

Ans: 2 the size of the perspective view

Explanation: A perspective projection is a pictorial drawing represented on a vertical plane called the picture plane when viewed from a fixed position. The position of the picture plane relative to the object determines the size of the perspective view. When the object is in the picture plane, its perspective will be in true size. When the object is placed in front of the picture plane, its perspective will be of enlarged size. When the object is placed behind the picture plane, the perspective will be reduced in size. The picture plane in this case is placed between the eye and the object.

Q.44 What is the order of format for effective oral reporting?

  1. Introduction – content – organisation – conclusion
  2. Organisation – introduction – content – conclusion
  3. Content – introduction – organisation – conclusion
  4. Introduction – organisation – content – conclusion

Ans: 4. Introduction – organisation – content – conclusion

Explanation: Preparing effective oral reporting share the following requirements:  

  1. INTRODUCTION

Firstly introducing self and topic then Thanking people.

Can start presentation with a question, story,narrative, experience and controversial statement for creating interest in people.

  • Analyze your audience,
  • Understand and articulate your purpose clearly,
  • Develop sufficient and appropriate supporting material,
  1. ORGANISATION
  • Organize the material so that it is easy for the audience to follow
  1. CONTENT
  • Choose a speaking style level of language, approach to the subject, and tone suitable to your role as well as your audience and purpose,
  • Select the format that will enhance your audience’s understanding of your message.
  1. CONCLUSION

Finally concluding with the central idea or leave with the conclusion.

Q.45 Who among the following architects had authored the book titled “An Organic Architecture: The Architecture of 5 Democracy?

  1. Frank Lloyd Wright
  2. Louis Sullivan
  3. Louis Khan
  4. Mies Van Der Rohe

Ans: 1. Frank Lloyd Wright

Explanation: In May 1939, the celebrated American architect Frank Lloyd Wright visited London and gave four lectures at the Royal Institute of British Architects. The meetings were hailed at the time as the most remarkable events of recent architectural affairs in England, and the lectures were published as ‘An Organic Architecture’ in September 1939.

Q46. Which among the following is NOT a property of cement concrete?

  1. Hardens with age
  2. High compressive strength
  3. Free from corrosion
  4. Less economical than steel

Ans: 4. Less economical than steel

Explanation: Property of cement concrete are:

  1. It possesses a high compressive strength.
  2. It is a corrosion resistance material and atmospheric agent has no appreciable effect on it.
  3. It hardens with age the process of hardening continues for a long time after the concrete has attained sufficient strength. It is this property of cement concrete which gives it a distinct place among building materials.
  4. It is more economical than steel.
  5. It binds rapidly with steel and as it is weak in tension, the steel reinforcement is placed in cement concrete at suitable places to take up the tensile stresses. This is termed as the reinforced cement concrete or simply as R.C.C.

Q.47 The transition from red sandstone to white marble facings for monumental and court buildings in Mughal dynasty came in the ______ century.

  1. 16th
  2. 15th
  3. early 16th
  4. early 17th

Ans: 4. early 17th

Explanation: The transition from red sandstone to white marble facings for monumental and court buildings in Mughal dynasty came in the early 17th century

Q.48 An Islamic form of decoration formed with intricate geometric and stylised design or vegetal form is called:

  1. Palestine
  2. Arabesque
  3. Madrassah
  4. Talismans

Ans: 2 Arabesque

Explanation: Geometric designs and arabesques are forms of Islamic interlace patterns.

The arch is surrounded with arabesques; to either side is a band of Islamic calligraphy, above colourful geometric zellige tilework with 8-point stars.

Q.49 Which of the following cities comes under the composite climate?

  1. New Delhi
  2. Bhopal
  3. Surat
  4. Kerala

Ans: . 1. New Delhi

Explanation: The composite zone covers the central part of India. Some cities that experience this type of climate are New Delhi, Kanpur and Allahabad.

Q.50 Identify the arrowed part of the flat slab with a label from the options.

Flat slab 

  1. Projection
  2. Capital
  3. Drop slab
  4. Drop panel

Ans: . 4. Drop panel

Q.51 The below picture represents which type of shrub form?

  1. Irregular
  2. Creeper
  3. Clumping
  4. Cascading

Ans: 4. Cascading

Explanation:

Q.52 To prevent shadows, which type of lighting needs to be considered?

  1. Direct lighting
  2. Diffused lighting
  3. Indirect lighting
  4. Semi-direct lighting

Ans: 3. Indirect lighting

Explanation: Type of lighting are:

  • Direct
  • Semi-direct
  • General (formerly called diffused)
  • Semi-indirect
  • Indirect 
  • Direct Lighting

In a direct lighting system, 90 to 100 percent of the light from the luminaire shines toward the work surface. This is the most common type of lighting and is used for many types of tasks. The area that is lit depends on the characteristics of the luminaire. For example, light shining downward may be either concentrated in one small area or spread evenly over a wide surface. Sometimes, however, direct lighting creates glare and shadows. The placement of the fixture or brightness of the light can be adjusted to eliminate these problems.

  • Semi-Direct Lighting

In a semi-direct lighting system, 60 to 90 percent of the light from the luminaire shines toward the working surface. The remainder of the light is reflected toward the ceiling and the upper portion of the walls. This lighting system softens shadows and produces even lighting. Semi-direct and direct lighting have many characteristics in common. As is true with a direct lighting system, unless the fixtures are properly arranged, reflected light or shadows can be a problem when using semi-direct lighting.

  • General Lighting

In a general, or diffused, lighting system, light is distributed equally to both the upper and lower areas of a room—50 percent upward and 50 percent downward. While general lighting can be pleasing to the eye, it can seem harsh to some. Therefore, a more indirect method of lighting is often desirable.

  • Semi-Indirect Lighting

In a semi-indirect lighting system, 60 to 90 percent of the light from the luminaire reflects toward the ceiling. Highly reflective ceilings and room finishes are important, as is good surface maintenance. This method of lighting produces a very pleasing room ambience while also providing several good reading areas.

  • Indirect Lighting

In an indirect lighting system, 90 to 100 percent of the light from the luminaire shines upward and reflects off the ceiling. Indirect lighting should result in highly diffused, evenly distributed light. The ceiling is the main source of light in this type of system, so it should be completely and evenly lit. If the system is well designed, only a small amount of light will shine downward.

Q.53 Planning of which type of plantation can help in giving special protection to the slopes of water bodies, takes etc?

  1. Tall trees with small roots
  2. Exotic plants
  3. Groundcovers
  4. Native and deep rooted

Ans: 4. Native and deep rooted

Explanation: Native and deep rooted can help in giving special protection to the slopes of water bodies, takes etc.

Q.54 Mies Van der Rohe’s influential career started to begin under which famous architect?

  1. Walter Gropius
  2. Louis Sullivian
  3. Peter Behrens
  4. Dankmar Adler

Ans: 3. Peter Behrens

Explanation: Mies got his first commission in the Riehl House in Potsdam. His work impressed Peter Behrens, who was the best-known architect in Germany. Mies began his architectural career as an apprentice of Peter Behrens from 1908 to 1912 after being offered a job in his office.

Q.55 In Renaissance architecture, Mouldi is similar to the character of which type of architecture?

  1. Gothic architecture
  2. Roman architecture
  3. Greek architecture
  4. Byzantine architecture

Ans: 2. Roman architecture

Q.56 An apparent projection from a flat background due to contrast, creating the illusion of three dimension, is called:

  1. Shade
  2. Relief
  3. Highlight
  4. Shadow

Ans: 2. Relief

Explanation: Relief  is an apparent projection from a flat background due to contrast, creating the illusion of three dimensions

Q.57 Which among the below is are the notable outwardly characteristic feature(s) of Muslim architecture?

  1. Flat arch and horseshoe arch
  2. Pointed arch and horseshoe arch
  3. Pointed arch and triangular arch
  4. Three-centred arch and four-centred arch

Ans: 2 Pointed arch and horseshoe arch

Explanation: Some characteristics of Islamic architecture were inherited from pre-Islamic architecture of that region while some characteristics like minarets, muqarnas, arabesque, Islamic geometric pattern, pointed arch, multifoil arch, onion dome and pointed dome developed later. The horseshoe arch is a popular feature in Islamic structures.

Q.58 Which structural system is used for construction of buildings of structural steel and concrete?

  1. Moment-resisting frame system
  2. Dual system
  3. Bearing wall system
  4. Building frames system

Ans: 4. Building frames system

Explanation: Building frame structures are a very common – or perhaps the most common- type of modern building internationally.  As the name suggests, this type of building consists of a frame or skeleton of concrete.

Q.59 Which one of the following is not a form of precipitation?

  1. Snowfall
  2. Hall
  3. Rainfall
  4. Fog

Ans: 4. Fog

Explanation: Precipitation is a form of water that falls from a cloud. Five main types of precipitation are rain, snow, hail, sleet, and freezing rain.

Q.60 Glass was one of the materials heavily used in the buildings designed by Mies Van Der Rohe. The reason behind it was:

  1. Glass was the most materials at that time
  2. to make sure the building has ample amount of light
  3. to give a modern look to the building
  4. to dissolve boundaries between building’s interior and exterior

Ans: 4. to dissolve boundaries between building’s interior and exterior

Explanation: Mies van der Rohe, famous for his saying “less is more,” was one of the preeminent modernist architects, well known for pioneering the extensive use of glass in buildings. His works introduced a new level of simplicity and transparency, and his buildings were often referred to as “skin-and-bones” architecture for their emphasis on steel structure and glass enclosure. In addition to Mies van der Rohe, glass was a major influence for many architects of the modernist movement and reshaped the way we think about and define space. Glass is used to dissolve boundaries between building’s interior and exterior due to its transparency.

61 The solar heat gain factor in warm-humid climates should not exceed:

  1. 0.05
  2. 0.02  
  3. 0.03
  4. 0.04

Ans: 4. 0.04

Explanation: The solar heat gain factor in warm-humid climates should not exceed 0.04.

Q.62 Under whose rule the reign of marble started and Islamic architecture achieved its greatest splendor?

  1. Akbar
  2. Lodi
  3. Shah Jahan
  4. Ghazni

Ans: 3. Shah Jahan

Explanation: Under Shah Jahan  rule the reign of marble started and Islamic architecture achieved its greatest splendour.

Q.63 Which of the following principles of landscape explains the importance of balance in the design?

  1. Proportion
  2. Repetition
  3. Unity
  4. Order

Ans: 4. Order

Explanation:

8 Basic Principles of Landscape Design

1. Unity

Unity in landscaping is the repetition and consistency of a design. Repetition is used to bring about unity in your design by repeating like elements which include plants and decor in the landscape. Consistency is used to create unity by fitting different elements of a landscape together to create a common unit or theme.

2. Balance

Balance is simply a sense of equality. There are two types of balance in design: symmetrical and asymmetrical balance. In symmetrical balance, two sides of the landscape are identical while in asymmetrical balance, the landscape composition is balanced using different elements and objects which have almost similar imaginary weight. Order explains the importance of balance in the design

3. Contrast and Harmony

Contrast helps highlight certain elements in your design, while harmony helps elements in a landscape composition look unified. Contrasting elements draw the viewer’s attention when they’re placed next to each other. Contrast and harmony are achieved by the juxtaposition of any elements of art or using complementary colors side by side.

4. Color

Color gives your landscape design the dimension of real life. Warm colors (e.g. red and orange) seem to advance towards you, making an object seem closer. While cool colors like blues and greens seem to move away from you. Blues and greens are used to create perspective.

5. Transition

Transition is simply a gradual change. Transition in a landscape design is illustrated by gradually varying the plant size or the color intensity. Transition can also be applied to texture, foliage shape and size of different elements.

6. Line

Line is the mother of all elements in landscape design. Lines are used almost everywhere including creating beds, entryways, walkways, texture and perspective. Lines are also used to give an illusion of depth and distance.

7. Proportion

Proportion refers to the size of an element in relation to the other. Among the 8 principles of landscape design, this is the most obvious one but still needs a little planning and thought. One must ensure that all the elements in a landscape design have proper proportions.

8. Repetition

Repetition is directly related to unity. It’s good to have several elements and forms in a garden, but repeating the same elements gives your design various expressions. Too many objects that are not related can make your design look unplanned and cluttered. Also, don’t overuse an element since over using an element can make your design feel boring, uninteresting, and monotonous.

Q.64 Which of the following buildings was designed by Achyut Kanvinde?

  1. IIT Madras
  2. IIT Kozhikode
  3. IIT Kharagpur
  4. IIT Kanpur

Ans: 4. IIT Kanpur

Explanation: Achyut Kanvinde designed:

  • Institute of Rural Management, Anand (IRMA)
  • IITK campus
  • CSIR
  • Gandhi Krishi Vigyan
  • National Insurance Academy Pune
  • Doodhsagar Dairy

Q.65 Which type of trees based on there size are used to determine the space limit, to shade, to break and change the direction of wind?

  1. Trees with huge foliage
  2. Short length trees
  3. Medium sized trees
  4. Tall trees

Ans: 3. Medium sized trees

Explanation: Medium sized trees are used to determine the space limit, to shade, to break and change the direction of wind.

Q.66 Which rolled sheet of steel is used to connect steel beams for extension of the length?

  1. Flat bars
  2. Plates
  3. Expanded metal
  4. Corrugated sheets

Ans:  2. Plates

Explanation: Plates is used to connect steel beams for extension of the length.

Base plates are used as a support for columns coming off a concrete pad or foundation. To ensure longevity and stability, it is essential to leave a gap of around 20 – 30 mm between the concrete and the steel plate, which can be achieved using shims and wedges.

Q.67 Name the point at which the eyes of an observer are located?

  1. Station point
  2. Central point
  3. Exit point
  4. Vanishing point

Ans: 1 Station point

Explanation: The point at which the eyes of an observer are located is called Station point

Q.68 What is the name of the footing shown in the picture below?

  1. Slopped footing
  2. Stepped footing
  3. Stepped spread footing
  4. Simple spread footing

Ans: 2 Stepped footing

Explanation:

Q.69 Silence and Light’ is a philosophical concept proposed by which architect?

  1. Louis Sullivan
  2. Louis I Kahn
  3. Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
  4. Le Corbusier

Ans:  2 Louis I Kahn

Explanation: According to the main idea of Silence and Light, Louis Khan has described Architecture is a meeting place between measurable and measurable. And the art of design isn’t only embedded in the aesthetic form, but it is in the soul of work.

Q.70. Increased carbon-di-oxide in the atmosphere results in the:

  1. rise in earth temperature
  2. decreased volume of sea water
  3. increased volume of sea water
  4. uniform earth temperature

Ans: 1. rise in earth temperature

Explanation: Carbon dioxide, absorbs some of this radiation and thus traps the heat, and the temperature in the atmosphere rises. According to the theory, carbon dioxide controls temperature because the carbon dioxide molecules in the air absorb infrared radiation.

Q.71 Which of the following is not a design principle of architect Raj Rewal?

  1. Cubic volumes
  2. Pure structural expressions
  3. Geometry
  4. Vernacular architecture

Ans: 4. Vernacular architecture

Explanation: Architectural Theory – Buildings should respond to complex demands of rapid urbanisation, climate & culture.

The principles include Cubic volumes, Pure structural expressions, Geometry.

Q.72 What does the above electrical circuit symbol represent?

  1. Resistor
  2. Ammeter
  3. Electric motor
  4. Voltmeter

Ans: 1. Resistor

Explanation:

Symbol

Component name

Meaning

 

Voltmeter

Measures voltage. Has very high resistance. Connected in parallel.

 

Ammeter

Measures electric current. Has near zero resistance. Connected serially.

 

Ohmmeter

Measures resistance

 

Wattmeter

Measures electric powe

 

Resistor (IEEE)

Resistor reduces the current flow.

 

Motor

Electric motor

Q.73 Which of the following diagrams shows the diffused reflection of light?

Ans:

Q.74 A person or a group’s deliberate attempt to make another person adopt to a certain idea is called:

  1. Persuading
  2. Dissuading
  3. Disenchanting
  4. Intimidating

Ans: 1 Persuading

Explanation:

To make someone do or believe something by giving them a good reason to do it or by talking to that person and making them believe it. A person or a group’s deliberate attempt to make another person adopt to a certain idea is called Persuading.

Q.75 Which of the following principles is not a part of the main philosophy of Achyut P. Kanvinde?

  1. Functionalism
  2. Brutalism
  3. Modern architecture
  4. Expressionism

Ans: 4. Expressionism

Explanation:

All his creations were in strict conformity with these three principles:-

  • FUNCTIONALISM
  • MODERN ARCHITECTURE
  • BRUTALISM
  • REGIONALISM

FUNCTIONALISM

  • There buildings were always conceived with first priority given to its functions, and the social values when designing spaces.
  • He rejected symmetry.

MODERN ARCHITECTURE AND BRUTALISM

  • Simplification of form and creation of ornament from the structure
  • Elimination of unnecessary detail
  • Visual expression of structure, as opposed to the hiding of structural elements
  • Brutalism is a child of modern architecture

Salk Institute, California Louis Kahn

  • Typically very linear, fortress like and blockish, often with a predominance of concrete construction
  • Developed to create functional structures at a low cost, but eventually designers adopted the look for other uses such as college buildings

REGIONALISM

Inevitably based on the exigencies of

  • local climate,
  • building materials and
  • social conditions
  • sound climatological principles.

Q.76 Which of the following is not an architectural feature of Wright’s Prairie style?

  1. Lengthened horizontal cantilevers
  2. Ribbons of windows
  3. Closed floor plans
  4. Low-pitched roofs

Ans: 3. Closed floor plans

Explanation:

Prairie buildings often include:

  • Strong geometry and massing, including large central chimneys
  • Brick or stucco exteriors
  • Open, asymmetric floor plans
  • Connected indoor and outdoor spaces
  • Interior wood banding
  • Restrained use of applied ornamentation
  • Exploration of motifs: one shape or plant form explored through furniture, wood carving, plaster, art glass and other elements within a building

Q.77 A structural system having lateral force-resisting elements that are non-symmetrical about the major orthogonal axis of the system is called:

  1. Non-parallel system
  2. Regular structure
  3. Irregular structure
  4. Discontinuous diaphragm

Ans: 1. Non-parallel system

Q.78 How do ventilated light fixtures help?

  1. To keep lamps at higher temperature, allowing them to be lit brightly
  2. To keep the fixtures in automatic mode
  3. To maintain the fixtures for a long time
  4. To keep lamps at lower temperature, allowing them to work more efficiently

Ans: 4. To keep lamps at lower temperature, allowing them to work more efficiently

Explanation: Ventilated light fixtures helps in keeping lamps at lower temperature, allowing them to work more efficiently

Q.79 Under uniformly distributed loads, circular slabs deflect in the form of a:

  1. Saucer
  2. Hemisphere
  3. Oblate spheroid
  4. Circular plinth

Ans: 1. Saucer

Explanation: The deflection shape of circular slabs is like a saucer which produces stresses in radial and circumferential directions  that  necessitates  steel  bars  in  these  directions. 

Q.80 What is the building heat gain from a clear glass (watts per 1000 lumen)?

  1. 7.4
  2. 7
  3. 5
  4. 6.5

Ans: 1. 7.4

Explanation: The solar heat gains from a good daylighting system can be less than half of the heat gains from the efficient current electric lighting system technologies to achieve equal lighting levels in a space.

Reasoning (Q.No. 1-10) 

Quantative Aptitude (Q.No. 1-10)

Q.1 HINDI

Q.2 A person marks his goods 60% above the cost price. He sells 10% of goods of marked price. 50% of goods at 20% discount and remaining at 50% discount. What is his overall gain percent?

  1. 15%
  2. 4O%
  3. 16%
  4. 12%

Ans: 4. 12%

Q.3 The volume of the Iargest cylinder that can be carved from a cube of edge 42 cm is? (π =22/7)

  1. 32846 cm2
  2. 232848 cm2
  3. 58212 cm2
  4. 78562 cm2

Ans: 3. 58212 cm2

Q.4 The average of all even factors of 80 is:

  1. 24
  2. 22.5
  3. 23
  4. 140/7

Ans: 2.  22.5

Q.5 A boat can go 12 km downward and 8 km upstream in 88 minutes, if speed of upstream is 12 km/hr, What is the speed of water in km/h?

  1. 13
  2. 13.5
  3. 14.5
  4. 14

Ans: 2.  13.5

NUMERICALS

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