Architecture and Planning Exam Papers with Solutions

DDA - 2019 | Architectural Assistant

 Architectural Assistant

Discipline Section

(Q1 – Q80)

Q.1. What is the bending moment of simple supported beam with a point load at its mid-point?

  1. WL/2
  2. WL
  3. WL/4
  4. 2WL

Ans: 3. WL/4

Q.2.

Q.3. As per the qualities of good brick, NO brick should have a crushing strength:

  1. Equal to 5.50 N/mm2
  2. above 5.50 N/mm2
  3. between 5 N/mm2 and 10 N/mm2
  4. below 5.50 N/mm2

Ans: 4. below 5.50 N/mm2

Q.4. When are vernier divisions marked in the same direction as that of main scale?

  1. When length of one division of the venier scale is varied hugely than the length of one division of the primary scale.
  2. When length of one division of the Vernier scale is smaller than the length of one division of the primary scale
  3. When length of one division of the Vernier scale is equal to the length of one division of the primary scale.
  4. When length of one division of the Vernier scale is larger than the length of one division of the primary scale

Ans: 2. When length of one division of the Vernier scale is smaller than the length of one division of the primary scale


Q.5. A vault over one bay divided by diagonal ribs into 4 parts is called:

  1. quadripartite vault
  2. quatrefoil vault
  3. sexpartite rib vault
  4. fan vault

Ans: 1.quadripartite vault

Explanation:

Quadripartite vault.

A groined vault over a rectangular area, the area defined by ribs on each side and divided into four parts by intersecting diagonals.

Sexpartite vault is a rib vault divided into six bays by two diagonal ribs and three transverse ribs.

Fan vaults the vaulting ribs resemble an open fan, with ribs of equal length radiating out from a single point supported by a vaulting shaft or capital.

Q.6 In a bridge truss, what is the sequence of load transmission?

  1. Stringers to floor beams to side trusses
  2. Floor beams to stringers to side trusses
  3. Side trusses to floor beams to stringers
  4. Side trusses to stringers to floor beam

Ans: 1. Stringers to floor beams to side trusses

Q.7. Water logging is caused:

  1. because crop pattern is rotated
  2. because soil root zone becomes saturated due to over-irrigation
  3. due to continuous erosion of soil
  4. because soil root zone becomes unsaturated due to irrigation

Ans: 2. because soil root zone becomes saturated due to over-irrigation

Q.8. The permissible range of pH for drinking water as per Indian standards is:

  1. 6—8.5
  2. 6—9
  3. 6.5—7.5
  4. 6.5—8.5

Ans: 4. 6.5—8.5

Q.9. HINDI

Q.10. The diagram depicts kind of beam.

  1. cantilever
  2. propped cantilever
  3. continuous
  4. over hanging

Ans: 2. propped cantilever

Explanation:

Q.11. HINDI

Q.12. One peculiar variation found in Jain Temples is:

  1. Dvi-mukh
  2. Pancha-mukh
  3. Tri-mukh
  4. Chau- much

Ans:  4. Chau- much

Explanation:

Chau-mukh (Four faced)
Example: Chaumukha Temple of Rankakpur (rajasthan), built in the 15th Century  made of milky white marble dedicated to Adinath (the first tirthankar),.

Q.13 Which of the following is the INCORRECT statement?

  1. The main pipe line designed for distribution of water should carry 3 times the average demand of city.
  2. The water demand at various points in the city should be noted.
  3. The main pipe line designed for distribution of water should carry 2 times the average demand of city.
  4. The service pipes should be able to carry thrice the average demand.

Ans: 4. The service pipes should be able to carry thrice the average demand.

Q.14. 1f the members connected do NOT lie in a same plane, then the structures are called_______.

  1. space truss
  2. foot truss
  3. plane truss
  4. main truss

Ans: 1. space truss

Explanation:

Space truss: A space truss consists of members joined together at their ends to form a stable 3D structure.

Plane truss: A plane truss is a two- dimensional (lies in same plane) framework of straight prismatic members joined at their ends.

Q.15. HINDI

Q.16. What is the mass of a unit volume of material in its natural state?

  1. Bulk
  2. Bulk density
  3. Density
  4. Specific weight

Ans: 2.Bulk density

Q.17. _______ is the suggestion of action or direction, the path our eyes follow when we look at a work of art.

  1. Simplicity or visual economy
  2. Proportion
  3. Movement
  4. Rhythm

Ans: 3.Movement

 

Explanation:

In fine art, visual movement is used to guide the viewer through the piece of art.

Q.10 HINDI

Q.19. Which of the following methods is suitable for hilly areas and at places where plane tabling is impractical?

  1. Method of cross-sections
  2. Tacheometric method
  3. Method of squares
  4. Graphical method

Ans: 2. Tacheometric method

Explanation:

Tacheometric method of Surveying is used for contouring of very steep hills.

Q.20. Which among the following was a sign of union of Upper and Lower Egypt?

  1. The column with the shaft like papyrus plant system combined with a sphinx on capital
  2. The column with the shaft like papyrus plant system combined with a lotus bud or a flower capital
  3. The column with historical and religious events on the capital
  4. The column with a flower capital on the shaft

Ans: 2. The column with the shaft like papyrus plant system combined with a lotus bud or a flower capital

Explanation:

The sign of upper Egypt is lotus and that of lower Egypt is papyrus. The river nile at lower Egypt was shallower than upper Egypt and former had swamps which was suitable for papyrus and reeds.

 

Q.21. What are spandrels?

  1. exterior beams at floor level of buildings
  2. interior columns
  3. interior beams at floor level of buildings
  4. exterior columns

Ans: 1. Exterior beams at floor level of buildings

Explanation:

The Spandrel beam is defined as the exterior beam in steel or concrete construction that marks the floor level between stories

Q.22 HINDI

Q.23 HINDI

Q.24 Members used in bridges parallel to traffic are called:

  1. Purlin
  2. Spandrel
  3. Stringers
  4. Joist

Ans: 3. Stringers

Explanation:

Stringers are members used in bridges parallel to traffic to carry the deck slab. They will be connected by transverse floor beams.

Q.25 Which of the following is NOT a type of sedimentation tank?

  1. Cylindrical tanks
  2. Hopper bottom tanks
  3. Rectangular tanks
  4. Circular tanks

Ans: 1. Cylindrical tanks

Explanation:

The process of sedimentation is designed to remove large particles of contamination from water and wastewater. They are of 3 types:

  • Rectangular Tanks
  • Circular Tanks
  • Hopper Bottom Tanks

Rectangular Tanks

  • These are rectangular in plan and consists of large number of baffle walls.
  • The function of baffle wall is to reduce the velocity of incoming water.
  • Openings are given in baffle walls at different height.

Circular Tanks

  • Circular sedimentation tank is costly at the view of construction.
  • For dispose the sludge mechanical scraper available at bottom of the tank.
  • Over flow rate of this type of tank is 1500 lit/hour/m2.

Hopper Bottom Tanks

  • The shape of the base of this tank is hopper type.
  • This are vertical flow tanks, because water flows upward & downward in these tank.
  • The water enters in this tank from top inlet channel.
  • Because of deflector box water flows from upper to lower

Q.26 When there is no Load between two points, the shear force does not change but what happens to the bending moment?

  1. Remains the same
  2. Changes according to cubic law
  3. Changes according to parabolic law
  4. Changes linearly

Ans: 4. Changes linearly

Explanation:

Q.27 With minimum resource maximum energy can be created by:

  1. Tidal waves
  2. Solar radiation
  3. Nuclear fuels
  4. Wind

Ans: 4.Wind

Explanation:

Q.28 Efflorescence of bricks is due to:

  1. high porosity of bricks
  2. alkalis present in clay for making bricks
  3. excessive burning of bricks
  4. high silt content in brick earth When there

Ans: 2. alkalis present in clay for making bricks

Explanation:

While manufacturing bricks, water soluble alkalis are present. During the construction, mortar comprising water can leads to salt precipitation of generally white color which is called as efflorescence. It can be controlled by manufacturing brick without excess salt.

Q.29 HINDI

Q.30 What is the area below the subsoil which consists weathered parent material?

  1. B horizon
  2. D horizon
  3. C horizon
  4. A horizon

Ans: 3. C horizon

Explanation:

Soils typically have six horizons. From the top down, they are Horizon O,A, E, B, C and R. Each horizon has certain characteristics.

O Horizon The top, organic layer of soil, made up mostly of leaf litter and humus (decomposed organic matter).

* A Horizon The layer called topsoil ; it is found below the O horizon and above the E horizon. Seeds germinate and plant roots grow in this dark colored layer. It is made up of humus (decomposed organic matter) mixed with mineral particles.

E Horizon This eluviation (leaching) layer is light in color; this layer is beneath the A Horizon and above the B Horizon. It is made up mostly of sand and silt, having lost most of its minerals and clay as water drips through the soil (in the process of eluviation).

* B Horizon Also called the subsoil this layer is beneath the E Horizon and above the C Horizon. It contains clay and mineral deposits (like iron, aluminum oxides, and calcium carbonate) that it receives from layers above it when mineralized water drips from the soil above.

C Horizon Also called regolith: the layer beneath the B Horizon and above the R Horizon. It consists of slightly brokenup bedrock . Plant roots do not penetrate into this layer; very little organic material is found in this layer.

R Horizon The unweathered rock ( bedrock ) layer that is beneath all the other layers.Bedrock is made up of igneous , sedimentary , or metamorphic rock

Q.31 Which of the following design principles does the given image indicate?

  1. Rhythm
  2. Emphasis
  3. Scale and proportion
  4. Balance

Ans: 3. Scale and proportion

Explanation:
The scale and proportion denotes physical dimensions. Proportion refers to the relative size and scale of the various elements in a design. The appreciation of proportions should start from the relative sizes that define an object.

Q.32 Load transfer by a beam is primarily by:

  1. bending only
  2. bending and shear
  3. neither bending nor shear
  4. shear only

Ans: 2.bending and shear

Explanation:
The load transfer by beam is primarily by bending and shear. The mode of deflection of beam is primarily by bending.

Q.33 Moment of inertia of a hollow circular section with D — diameter of main circle and d — diameter of cut oui circle is:

Ans: –

Explanation:

Q.34 The element of art referring to the emptiness or area between. around. above, below or within objects;

  1. Space
  2. Colour
  3. Form
  4. Shape

Ans: 1. Space

Explanation:

Elements of Design are point, line, space, shape, size, value, texture, colour.

SPACE

  • Space has to be included in any visual design.
  • In 2-dimensional arrangements space means leaving some blank areas in a composition.
  • A human eye needs space to feel comfortable, and space will let the eye distinguish the part that’s meant to be noticed compared to just the background.

COLOR

  • Color refers to specific hues.
  • It has 3 properties:
    • Hue
      • Spectral color name
    • Intensity
      • Or saturation is concerned with the brightness or dullness of a color
    • Value
      • Relative darkness or lightness of a color
    • Color wheel is a way of showing the chromatic scale in a circle using all the colors made with the primary triad.

FORM

  • Form is a 3-dimensional entity that has distinct volume and thickness.
  • It can be generated as an illusion by using shading and lighting techniques.
  • Form can be viewed from many angles.

SHAPE

  • Shape is something that is seen as a separate entity from its surroundings within a visual composition.
  • Shapes can be designed and are given different names like square, rectangle, circle, polygon, ellipse etc depending on the geometric properties of that the outline that define the shape.

Q.35 HINDI

Q.36 The space between adjacent bents in a roof truss is called:

  1. Braces
  2. Bay
  3. Purlins
  4. Knee

Ans: 2. Bay

Explanation:
Space between adjacent bents in a roof truss is called a bay. They are economically spread throughout.

Q.37 What is the junction formed when two brick walls meet each other at an angle other than a right angle?

  1. Tee-junction
  2. Cross junction
  3. Squint junction
  4. Intersection

Ans: 3. Squint junction

Explanation:
Junction is that connection which is formed at the meeting of one (subsidiary) wall at same intermediate position of another wall. When both these walls meet at right angles, we get a tee-junction. If the subsidiary wall crosses the main wall and continues beyond the junction, we have a cross-junction or intersection.

However, if the subsidiary wall meets the main  wall at some intermediate point, and if the angle formed between the two is other than a right angle, a squint junction is formed.

A squint junction is formed when an internal wall meets an external continuous wall at an angle other than 90°. Usually, the angle of squint is kept at 45 degrees, though squint junctions are not very common in brick work.

Q.38 Which of the following pairs in correctly matched?

  1. Basalt – Metamorphic rock
  2. Sandstone – Igneous rock
  3. Limestone – Sedimentary rock
  4. Granite – Argillaceous rock

Ans: 3. Limestone – Sedimentary rock

Explanation:
Limestone & sandstone is a mechanically formed sedimentary rock of arenaceous group. Granite is formed of Igneous rock. Example of Metamorphic rock is marble.

Q.39 In Stupa at Amravati. the railings were intercepted by four door  called________.

  1. Torana
  2. Urdhvapatas
  3. Aiyakas
  4. Simha dwaras

Ans: 4. Simha dwaras

Explanation:
Unlike the Torana of Sanchi stupa, the railing of Stupa at Amravati is intercepted by four door -ways called simha-dwaras just opposite the aryaka pillars at the cardinal points, each with a sculpture of sedentary lion on the entrance pillar of the door -way.

Q.40 At what angle does a ridge line intersect contours?

  1. 900C
  2. O0C
  3. 3O0c
  4. 450C

Ans: 1.   900C

Explanation:

Q.41. In surveyor compass. the bearings observed:

  1. can vary from 0° to 45°
  2. are in whole circle bearing system
  3. can vary from 0° to 135°
  4. are in quadrantal bearing system

Ans: 4.  are in quadrantal bearing system

Explanation:

Q.42 To which age does the Indus Valley Civilization belong?

  1. Paleolithic age
  2. Chalcolithic age
  3. Mesolithic age
  4. Neolithic age

Ans: 4. Neolithic age

Explanation:
The Mature Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) 2450–2200 BCE and Late Indus Valley Civilization 1900–1700 BCE were Chalcolithic or Bronze age civlisation. The Pre-Indus Valley Civilization 7000–5500 BCE was Neolithic and the Early Indus Valley Civilization 5500–3300 BCE we see the slow development and refinement of metal tools.

Q.43 The quality of timber does NOT depend upon:

  1. time of felling
  2. maturity of tree
  3. type of tree
  4. size of tree

Ans: 4.  size of tree

Explanation:
The size of a tree is not of much importance. The weight, maturity of tree matters and not length

Q.44 Blue and orange are __________ colours.

  1. complementary
  2. analogous
  3. primary
  4. secondary

Ans: 1.  complementary

Explanation:

The three traditional sets of complementary colors, as derived from the Red-Yellow-Blue color model, are red and green, yellow and purple, and orange and blue.

Q.45 Which of the following is the most rapid method of orientation by the three-point method of plane tabling.

  1. Mechanical method
  2. Tracing paper method
  3. Trial and error method
  4. Graphical method

Ans: 4. Trial and error method

Explanation:

  1. Mechanical Method: It is also known as tracing paper method.
  2. Graphical Method: Of the several graphical methods, Bessel’s method of inscribed quadrilateral is the simplest and is commonly used.
  3. Trial and Error Method: Of the several graphical methods, Bessel’s method of inscribed quadrilateral is the simplest and is commonly used.

Q.46 Which grade of pencil is used for drawing centre lines and section Iines?

  1. 4H
  2. H
  3. 2H
  4. HB

Ans: 1.  4H

Explanation:

Initial work and construction lines are drawn using H pencil. 2H pencil is used for outlines, dotted lines, dimension lines and arrowheads. 3H, 4H are used for centre lines and section lines.

Q.47 HINDI

Q.48 The top line of truss is called _______.

  1. Ridge
  2. Pitch
  3. Eves
  4. Main line

Ans: I.Ridge

Explanation:

The member spanning from truss to truss which is meant to carry the load of the roofing material and to transfer it on the panel points is called a purlin. The National Roofing Contractors Association defines the ridge as the “highest point on a roof, represented by a horizontal line where two roof areas intersect, running the length of the area.

Q.49 HINDI

Q.50 The minimum and maximum velocity in pipe lines designed for distribution of water should be:

  1. Minimum — maximum — 5 m/s
  2. Minimum — 0.6 m/s, maximum — 3 m/s
  3. Minimum — 0.4 m/s, maximum — 2
  4. Minimum —0.4 m/s. Maximum — 3 m/s

Ans: 2.  Minimum — 0.6 m/s, maximum — 3 m/s

Explanation:
Velocity should be a maximum of 3 m/s (10 ft/s), a minimum of 0.6 m/s (2 ft/s).

Q.51 What is the minimum percentage of water to be absorbed by first class, Second class bricks when soaked in cold water for a period of 24 h?

  1. First class bricks – 20% by weight, second class bricks – 20% by weight
  2. First class bricks -20% by weight, second class bricks – 22% by weight
  3. First class bricks – 22% by weight, second class bricks – 22% by weight
  4. First class bricks – 22% by weight, second class bricks – 22% by weight

Ans: 2.  First class bricks -20% by weight, second class bricks – 22% by weight

Explanation:

First Class Brick

  • The water absorption capacity for the first class bricks should be under 20%.
  • The crushing strength of first class bricks should have been 105 Kg/cim2.

Second class bricks

  • Water absorption capacity of second class bricks will not surpass 22%.
  • Compressive or crushing strength of second class bricks should remain at 70 kg/cm2 otherwise the bricks will be cracked.

Third class bricks

  • The water absorption capacity of these bricks are 25%.
  • The crushing strength of these bricks remain at 30 kg/cm2.

Q.52 The size of separation in the design of grit chambers for treatment of sewage is based on:

  1. specific gravities of grit particles
  2. amount Of discrete particles
  3. the minimum size Of the grit to be removed
  4. viscosity of the sewage

Ans: 3. the minimum size Of the grit to be removed

Explanation:
Transition law: The design of grit chamber is based on removal of grit particles with minimum size of 0.15 mm

Q.53 The centre of gravity of a hemisphere lies at a distance of ___________ from its base measured along the vertical radius,

  1. 3/8r
  2. 3r/8
  3. 8/3r
  4. 8r/3

Ans: 2. 3r/8

Explanation:

Q.54 HINDI

Q.55 Trusses are subjected to _________ stress.

  1. tensile
  2. direct
  3. lateral
  4. compressive

Ans: 2. direct

Explanation:

Trusses are the members which are subjected to direct stress, as the truss is usually loaded at the point of intersection of its member only.

Q.56 Consider the following statements:

  1. Masonry in rich cement mortar though having good strength with high shrinkage is much liable for surface cracks.
  2. Lime mortar possesses poor workability and poor water retentivity and also suffers high shrinkage.
  3. Masonry in lime mortar has better resistance against rain penetration and is less liable to crack when compared to masonry’ in cement mortar.

Which of these statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 1 and 3
  3. 2 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Ans: 2. 1 and 3

Q.57  Under which method of dimensioning, all dimensions are shown a common base line?

  1. Smaller dimensioning
  2. Parallel dimensioning
  3. Chain dimensioning
  4. Continuous dimensioning

Ans: 2. Parallel dimensioning

Explanation:

Types of dimensioning are explained below:

Q.58  At the top of the troposphere, temperatures abruptly begin to rise. This boundary, where this temperature reversal occurs, is called __________.

  1. tropopause
  2. stratopause
  3. mesosphere
  4. thermopause

Ans: 1. tropopause

Q.59 What does hieroglyph mean?

  1. Religious rites
  2. Sacred carving
  3. Sacred ceremonies
  4. Strong belief in future life

Ans: 2.  Sacred carving

Explanation:
The Egyptian hieroglyphic script was one of the writing systems used by ancient Egyptians to represent their language. Because of their pictorial elegance, Herodotus and other important Greeks believed that Egyptian hieroglyphs were something sacred, so they referred to them as ‘holy writing’. Thus, the word hieroglyph comes from the Greek hiero ‘holy’ and glypho ‘writing’. Hieroglyphs are inscribed on walls.

Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs inscribed on a wall.

Q.60 ____________ Obtained by adding white to a hue.

  1. Shades
  2. Secondary
  3. Tints
  4. Neutral

Ans: 3. Tints

Explanation:

TINTS

Adding white to a pure color creates tints. Tints are often associated with pastel colors because they are softer and subtle. You can mix any of the basic twelve colors together and then add an amount of pure white to get a tint or pastel palette. In the graphic design world, you can adjust the opacity in your software to create a tint.

TONES

Adding black and white, or gray, to a pure color, creates tones of a color. Most of the colors we see in our world on a daily basis are tones of a pure color. Tones have the qualities of a pure color but are not as intense, they are “toned down.”

SHADES

Adding black to a color creates shades. Shades can range from medium to very dark colors depending on the amount of black added to the color. Black should always be added with caution because it can easily become overpowering. Increasing the contrast will also produce a deeper shade of a color.

Q.61 Members used to carry wall loads over wall openings are called:

  1. Girder
  2. Purlin
  3. Rafter
  4. Lintels

Ans: 4.  Lintels

Explanation:
Beams are structural members that can carry transverse loads which produce bending moments & shear force.

Girders: Main load carrying members into which floor beams frame.

Joists: Members used to carry roofing & floor buildings.

Lintels: beam members used to carry wall loads over wall openings.

Spandrels: Exterior beams at the floor level used to carry part of floor load and the load due to exterior walls.

Q.62 The bending stress in a wall or column subjected to effective vertical load need NOT be considered, if the eccentricity ratio is:

  1. less than or equal to 1 6
  2. more than 1/24
  3. less than or equal to 1/12
  4. less than or equal to 1/24

Ans: 4.  less than or equal to 1/24

Q.63 Which of the following projection methods is assumed to be transparent?

  1. Four quadrants projection method
  2. First angle projection method
  3. Planes of projection
  4. Third angle projection method

Ans: 4. Third angle projection method

Explanation:

Q.64 The monolithic rathas at this coastal site is discussed in relation to:

  1. Dravida temple architecture
  2. Westem Chalukya architecture
  3. Badami Chalukya architecture
  4. Nagara temple architecture

Ans: 1.  Dravida temple architecture

Explanation:

Q.65 HINDI

Q.66 Out of the four different systems which is suitable for irregularly developed towns or cities?

  1. Grid iron system
  2. Ring system
  3. Dead end system
  4. Radial system

Ans: 3. Dead end system

Explanation:
Different methods of laying out distribution system are as follows:

  • Dead end system: It is suitable for old towns and cities having no definite pattern of roads.
  • Grid iron system: It is suitable for cities with rectangular layout, where the water mains and branches are laid in rectangles.
  • Ring system: The supply main is laid all along the peripheral roads and sub mains branch out from the mains.This system also follows the grid iron system with the flow pattern similar in character to that of dead end system.So, determination of the size of pipes is easy.

Q.67 In which region Aryans first settled?

  1. Sindh province
  2. Uttar Pradesh
  3. Punjab
  4. Rajasthan

Ans: 3. Punjab

Explanation:
In India Aryans first settled in the Land of Seven Rivers then known as Saptasindhva. Saptasindhva is the region of modern Punjab.

Q.68 What is girt?

  1. horizontal beam spanning between wall column of industrial buildings
  2. vertical beam spanning between wall column of industrial buildings
  3. vertical beam spanning between wall column of residential buildings
  4. horizontal beam spanning between wall column of residential buildings

Ans: 1. horizontal beam spanning between wall column of industrial buildings

Explanation:
Girt is horizontal member fastened to and spanning between peripheral column of industrial buildings. It is used to support wall cladding such as corrugated metal sheet.

Q.69 Which survey based on accuracy deals in fixing widely spaced control points?

  1. Geodetic survey
  2. Land survey
  3. Geographical survey
  4. Plane survey

Ans: 1.Geodetic survey

Explanation:
Geodetic survey is needed to fix the widely spaced control points that are later on used as necessary control points for fixing the minor control points. Geodetic survey is carried out by Department of National Survey of India.

Q.70 In Roman Corinthian order, the cornice has molding which is supported by series of beam- like brackets called ___________.

  1. Soffits
  2. architraves
  3. modillions
  4. mouldings

Ans: 3. modillions

Explanation:

Q.71 _________ shape of frame offers great rigidity.

  1. Square
  2. Trapezoidal
  3. Triangular
  4. Rectangular

Ans: 3. Triangular

Explanation:
A triangle is a rigid strong shape because of its stability. The triangles make up the truss design. They are in an assembly of triangles made from a series of straight bars. The triangle is used because of its strength and stability

Q.72 Name a layer where ionisation of the gases is a major phenomenon. Thus increasing the temperature.

  1. Thermosphere
  2. Stratosphere
  3. Troposphere
  4. Mesosphere

Ans: 1. Thermosphere

Explanation:

Q.73 Which of the following is the biotic component of ecosystem?

  1. Fungi
  2. Solar light
  3. Humidity
  4. Temperature

Ans: 1. Fungi

Explanation:
The biotic factors refer to the living components of an ecosystem, and the abiotic factors refer to the non-living, chemical and physical components of the ecosystem.

Q.74  Quadrantal bearing can be reckoned from:

  1. either north or south
  2. north line only
  3. neither north nor south
  4. south line only

Ans: 1. either north or south

Explanation:
Quadrantal System. The bearing of a line is measured clockwise or anticlockwise from the north and south point whichever is nearer to the line towards the east or west. The plane around the station is divided into four quadrants.

Q.75 Biological Oxygen Demand is a measure of

  1. required by green plants during night
  2. CO combined with haemoglobin
  3. extent of pollution with organic compounds
  4. industrial waste being poured into water body

Ans: 3.  extent of pollution with organic compounds

Explanation:
Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) is a measure of extent to which water is polluted with organic compound. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) is the amount of dissolved oxygen needed by aerobic biological organisms to break down organic material present in a given water sample at certain temperature over a specific time period.

Q.76 Refractory means:

  1. the materials which can withstand temperatures from 135O°C – 1580°C
  2. the materials which can withstand the action of acids, alkalis etc.
  3. the materials which can withstand prolonged temperatures of 158O°C
  4. the materials which can withstand temperature below 135O°C

Ans: 3. the materials which can withstand prolonged temperatures of 158O°C

Q.77 Which of the following contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire?

  1. An army rebellion
  2. Constantine’s mental illness
  3. Moving the capital to Byzantium
  4. Serious economic problems

Ans: 4.  Serious economic problems

Explanation:
Economic troubles and overreliance on slave labor contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire

Q.78 The type of joint commonly used at the junction of a principal rafter and tie beam in timber truss is:

  1. oblique mortise and tenon joint
  2. butt joint
  3. mitred joint
  4. mortise and tenon joint

Ans: 1.  oblique mortise and tenon joint

Explanation:

Q.79 Which of the following timber is NOT good for construction of houses?

  1. Blackwood
  2. Sissoo
  3. Babul
  4. All of the above

Ans: I. Blackwood

Explanation:
Sisso and Babul are used for for construction of houses.

Q.80   Another word for brightness of a colour is

  1. complementary
  2. value
  3. hue
  4. intensity

Ans: 4. intensity

Explanation:
Intensity (also referred to as saturation or chroma) refers to the degree of purity of a color. Highly intense color is bright and a low-intensity color is more neutral or muted.

Reasoning (Q.No. 1-10) 

Q.1 HINDI

Q.2 The statements below are followed by two conclusions labelled I and II. Without resolving anything yourself. Choose the conclusion(s) that logically follows from the given statements.
Statements:
I. Consumption of Alcohol is injurious to health.
II. Drunk and drive is against the traffic ruIes.
Conclusions:
I. One can drive after consuming alcohol.
II. Alcohol consumption is good for health if not in driving.

I. Both the conclusions follow.
II. Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
III. Only conclusion II follows.
IV. Only conclusion I follows.

Ans: II. Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.

Q.3 HINDI

Q.4 Count the number of triangles in the following figure:

  1. 8
  2. 5
  3. 10
  4. 6

Ans: 2.  5

Q.5 The following pie diagram shows information about number of students who like a particular type of Breakfast items prepared by hostel chef.

If the total students in the hostel are 2600.
How many students like Idly as breakfast food?

  1. 130
  2. 13
  3. 390
  4. 1390

Ans: 4.  390

Q.6 In a certain code language, the word FABRIC ¡s coded as HCDTKE And the word KNIFE is written as MPKHG.
Following the same rule of coding, what should be the code for the word BAKE.

  1. DQLS
  2. DCMG
  3. MPOU
  4. DGMC

Ans: 2. DCMG

Q.7 Select the option that is related to the third term in the same way as the second term is related to the first term.
Indonesia: Jakrata :: Italy:?

  1. Shanghai
  2. Rome
  3. Cairo
  4. Beijing

Ans: 2. Rome

Q.8 Pranathi has ₹2039 in the denominations of two-rupee notes. ten-rupee notes, and five-rupee notes. The number of notes of each denomination equal. What is the total number of notes that she has?

  1. 25
  2. 17
  3. 34
  4. 51

Ans: 4. 51

Q.9 What would be the missing term in the following series?
4, 8, 24, 48, 144, 288, ?, 1728

  1. 216
  2. 576
  3. 864
  4. 432

Ans: 3. 864

Q.10 Study the following figure carefully. There is an analogous relation between the first and second pairs. Choose the missing figures from the alternatives Such that they form pairs.

1.      2.

3.      4.

Ans: 4.

 

Quantative Aptitude (Q.No. 1-10)

Q.1 HINDI

Q.2 A person marks his goods 60% above the cost price. He sells 10% of goods of marked price. 50% of goods at 20% discount and remaining at 50% discount. What is his overall gain percent?

  1. 15%
  2. 4O%
  3. 16%
  4. 12%

Ans: 4. 12%

Q.3 The volume of the Iargest cylinder that can be carved from a cube of edge 42 cm is? (π =22/7)

  1. 32846 cm2
  2. 232848 cm2
  3. 58212 cm2
  4. 78562 cm2

Ans: 3. 58212 cm2

Q.4 The average of all even factors of 80 is:

  1. 24
  2. 22.5
  3. 23
  4. 140/7

Ans: 2.  22.5

Q.5 A boat can go 12 km downward and 8 km upstream in 88 minutes, if speed of upstream is 12 km/hr, What is the speed of water in km/h?

  1. 13
  2. 13.5
  3. 14.5
  4. 14

Ans: 2.  13.5

Quantative Aptitude (Q.No. 1-10)

Q.1 HINDI

Q.2 A person marks his goods 60% above the cost price. He sells 10% of goods of marked price. 50% of goods at 20% discount and remaining at 50% discount. What is his overall gain percent?

  1. 15%
  2. 4O%
  3. 16%
  4. 12%

Ans: 4. 12%

Q.3 The volume of the Iargest cylinder that can be carved from a cube of edge 42 cm is? (π =22/7)

  1. 32846 cm2
  2. 232848 cm2
  3. 58212 cm2
  4. 78562 cm2

Ans: 3. 58212 cm2

Q.4 The average of all even factors of 80 is:

  1. 24
  2. 22.5
  3. 23
  4. 140/7

Ans: 2.  22.5

Q.5 A boat can go 12 km downward and 8 km upstream in 88 minutes, if speed of upstream is 12 km/hr, What is the speed of water in km/h?

  1. 13
  2. 13.5
  3. 14.5
  4. 14

Ans: 2.  13.5

NUMERICAL

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