About Indira Camp Pahari No.-2(Slum), Taimoor Nagar, New Delhi

 

Location of Taimoor Nagar Slum

The JJ cluster, Indira camp Pahari 2, is located in the south eastern part of Delhi. The site is close to river Yamuna surrounded by four urban villages namely Bharat Nagar, Taimoor Nagar, Khizrabad, and Zakir Nagar. The site belongs to DDA. Indira camp is connected to ring road. Many retail commercial areas like Lajpat Nagar, Nehru Place, Connaught Place, and Greater Kailash are near to JJ cluster Indira camp. It is a notified slum (1994) with an area of 2.0 ha.

Connectivity

Nizamuddin railway station is 4 km from the site. Taimoor nagar and bharat nagar bus stop are the nearest bus stop. Sukhdev vihar is the nearest metro station (magenta line). Indira gandhi airport is 18 km.

History and evolution

Reason behind formation of slum

 

A family living in the slum

Most of the JJ clusters in Delhi came up around 1980s. Most of the clusters were formed by migrants looking for jobs in areas closer to colonies so that they could easily get employed in houses as maids, cooks, drivers, etc.

The area of Taimoor nagar was initially an open green space, later DDA allotted some portion of land to Delhi police for residential use. Also some people who used to live in staff quarters in Taimoor nagar shifted to Indira camp with the hope of owning a house for their big families and some with the hope of being rehabilitated.

Works for Livelihood generation

 

A woman cooking food on traditional stove

The migrants in slum are from Bangladesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Nepal. People are living in this slum from more than 35 years.
Most of people who settled here worked as Labour, Sweeper, Cleaner, Watchman, Rickshaw puller, Maids, Garbage collector, Tailor.

Demographic composition

The area covered by Indira camp 2 slum is about 2.0 hectares. Total dwelling units are 460 with average population of 3500 approx. and average household size 7.0.
If we look at gender distribution graph, we can clearly say that male residents are more than the female.

Only 38% of the population is female and the rest is male.

Most of the residents are middle-aged. Most of the residents walk to their place of work. Most of the slum dwellers are lower middle class.

40% were illiterates and 50% received primary education, and rest pursued secondary and higher education. Most jhuggis are overcrowded.

Employment ratio of the slum is also very poor around 42% population is unemployed, only 42 % is working and rest are children. 30% people live on rent.
A major percentage of people living there are from Bangladesh, Indians and few of them are from Nepal. Major population are followers of Islam, others are Indian Hindus.

Living condition & infrastructure

The living condition of residents is very poor and unhygienic. There is very serious issue of sanitation, sewerage, and solid waste management. People throw garbage on roads and into the drain flowing near the slum, causes water flow on the roads and to the houses of residents. Water supply condition is very poor, supply is not sufficient and consistent, only few hours of supply once or twice a week is supplied. Electricity supply is 24×7 but the infrastructure is poor like open wiring is crossing through the residential area which is very dangerous may cause electric shock issue and sometimes spark can cause fire. Also, there are illegal connections being used by residents of slums which increases the chance of electric hazards like fire and shock.
Most houses are kaccha made up of bricks, woods, GI sheets as walls and woods, or GI sheets as roofs.

The road condition is also very poor. Drains are uncovered at most places leading to unhygienic conditions.

 

Main Entrance to the Slum

 

Pathway is from bottom of the pipeline

Sanitation: Only 5% of households have toilet facilities within their houses.
People living there are dependent on common toilets and some of them practice open defecation in the forest nearby. Girls and women face safety issues in using toilets during night. Water supply condition is very poor, people store water in small tanks for their use. During monsoon season, the area suffers from intense flooding. As the area is a low lying area, water collects on the streets and causes inconvenience.

Conclusion:

This case is very similar to any typical Slums of the country which is neglected by the government and peoples are spending their life in unhygienic and unsafe living conditions lacking basic infrastructure facilities like Waste supply, Toilets, Roads, Sewerage and drainage, Electricity, etc. Due to poor living conditions, occupants are highly vulnerable to infectious diseases and other major health issues. They also lack basic medical facilities in their locality.
So, there is an urgent requirement of the intervention of the government for rehabilitation of the residents and the improvement of basic infrastructure facilities.

 

REFERENCES:

  1. http://delhishelterboard.in/main/
  2. http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/ser_slum.pdf
  3. https://www.hindustantimes.com/delhi-news/sdmc-to-build-wall-along-drain-in-taimoor-nagar/story-hoqtqmjmKUpFnffGw8yUPL.html